Aprender ingles with Reza and Craig
English lessons to improve your grammar, vocabulary and listening skills. We'll help you take your English to the next level! Lecciones para aprender y mejorar tú inglés.

Adjectives, adverbs, verbs, nouns and proverbs - AIRC74


Hay más audio podcasts en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/

If you are a new listener to this podcast, welcome! I'm Craig. This is Reza, and we are going to help you grow your grammar, vocalize your vocabulary and perfect your pronunciation.
With over 40 years of teaching between us, we'll help you improve your English and take it to the next level.

In this episode: Adjectives, adverbs, verbs and nouns, proverbs

Listener Feedback: David from Mexico has left us a voice message and asks about adjectives, adverbs, verbs and nouns

We answered who and whom in Episode 72 ( http://www.inglespodcast.com/2015/10/11/you-and-i-you-and-me-afterwards-after-all-who-whom-whose-airc72/ )

Whoever / whomever - It doesn't matter who. "I will give my clothes to whoever needs them."

"Whosoever" is old fashioned and not used very often, especially in spoken English. "Whosoever" is used in formal English, like in the bible, for example:

"For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life." - John 3:16

Adjectives, adverbs, verbs and nouns

NOUN - Reza drank his coffee (coffee is a noun)

VERB - Reza drank his coffee (drank is the verb)

ADVERB - Reza drank his coffee slowly (adverb - slowly, quickly, noisily, beautifully)

ADJECTIVE - Reza drank his hot coffee slowly (adjective describes the noun - strong, weak coffee)


sly - astuto, taimado/a (a sly fox)

David used the example HELP - verb and noun. What's the adjective? 'helpful' / 'unhelpful' / 'helpless' - and the adverb? 'helpfully'

Study them in a table:


economy economize economical/economic economically

analysis analyse analytical analytically

apology apologise apologetic apologetically


There is a table and exercises about this in our MansionFirst cd for the First Certificate exam ( http://www.mansioningles.com/cd_first.htm )

We want to thank our sponsor iTalki. ¡Compra una lección de inglés y consigue la segunda gratis! http://promos.italki.com/ingles-podcast/

PROVERBS - What is a proverb? - A simple and concrete saying, popularly known and repeated, that expresses a truth based on common sense or the practical experience of humanity.
A proverbs are often metaphorical (metaphor - metáfora).

"A stitch in time saves nine."

"Two wrongs don't make a right."
When someone has done something bad to you, trying to get revenge will only make things worse.

"When in Rome, do as the Romans."
Act the way that the people around you are acting. Have your dinner at 9pm in Spain. Drink lots of tea in the UK.

"When the going gets tough, the tough get going."
Tweet This! Strong people don't give up when they come across challenges. They just work harder.

"No man is an island."
Tweet This! You can't live completely independently. Everyone needs help from other people.

"Two heads are better than one."
It's better to work with someone than to work alone.

"Too many cooks spoil the broth."
Too many people together could produce a bad result.


...and now it's your turn to practise your English. We want you to send us a proverb. Send us a voice message and try to use as many words in their different forms.

inglespodcast.com - speakpipe or Send us an email to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com. What's your favourite proverb?


On next week's episode: More proverbs and gym vocabulary

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

Hay más audio podcasts en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/

Direct download: AIRC74_FinalCut.mp3
Category:general -- posted at: 6:47pm CEST

If you are a new listener to this podcast, welcome! I'm Craig. This is Reza, and we are going to help you grow your grammar, vocalize your vocabulary and perfect your pronunciation.

With over 45 years of teaching between us, we'll help you improve your English and take it to the next level.

In this episode: Pronunciation of Irregular Verbs

Listener Feedback:

Email from ROBERTO

Mensaje: Hi friends!!! Could the expression "a trade off between sth and
sth" be translated into Spanish as "tira y afloja entre algo y algo"?

Dictionary says: "sacrificar algo por".

For example: "The new speakers look stylish, but I would not trade the sound off for the appearance." This is a phrasal verb that you can separate.

It sort of means there is a surrender of some benefits for others. Here's another example with 'trade-off" as a noun:

"The side effects of that new medicine are a trade-off to its benefits." - La compensación de los efectos secundarios de esta nueva medicina por los beneficios que produce es evidente.

I'm not sure what "tira y afloja entre algo y algo". I've never heard this expression before, but it could be right.

Question from Maria Eugenia Abad:

Hello guys, I just want to say to you two thank you very much for the podcast, it really helps me with pronuciation and lot of things, (a lot of / lots of)
I would you like to suggest a podcast about the pronunciation of irregular verbs, infinitive, past simple and past participle, would be great if that is posible, once again thanks a lot.

The pronunciation of regular verbs in the past tense (-ed endings) in Epìsode 60 - inglespodcast.com/60 ( http://www.inglespodcast.com/2015/07/19/the-ed-ending-on-past-regular-verbs-airc60-2/ )

We want to thank our sponsor iTalki. I've decided to improve my Spanish with iTalki. I've made a list: tenses, especially the past tense " Yo he hecho mis deberes" "Yo hizo mis deberes" He intentado mejorar mi español"

- Intenté mejorar mi español." - I haven't chosen my Spanish teacher yet I think I'll look for a teacher from Argentina. Probably a female teacher, because I feel more comfortable.

So you go there – you register – you search for a teacher – you buy italki credits (ITC) and you find a teacher in your price range.

Go to: inglespodcast.com/italki - click on ‘start speaking – find a teacher’

Italki are offering a special deal to listeners of Aprender Ingles con Reza y Craig – 100 free italki credits (ITCs) when you sign up for their paid service. Buy 1 get 1 free!

Reza and I want to thank italki for sponsoring Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig.

Verb Past Simple Past Participle

be was / were been

become became become

begin began begun
drink drank drunk
ring rang rung
sing sang sung
sink sank sunk
swim swam swum

bring brought brought
buy bought bought
catch caught caught
fight fought fought
think thought thought
teach taught taught

come came come ("Craig often doesn't know if he's coming or going." - He does know what he's doing.)
go went gone

forbid forbade forbidden
forget forgot forgotten
forgive forgave forgiven
choose chose chosen
ride rode ridden
freeze froze frozen
break broke broken
hide hid hidden
write wrote written
rise rose risen
speak spoke spoken
steal stole stolen
take took taken
eat ate eaten

cut cut cut
run ran run

do did done

draw drew drawn

drive drove driven

find found found

fly flew flown

sit sat sat

blow blew blown ("To blow your own trumpet." - to boast (jactarse, presumir, tirarse flores)

grow grew grown

hear heard heard

know knew known

leave left left

mean meant meant

read read read

see saw seen

shoot shot shot

sleep slept slept

tear tore torn

tell told told

throw threw thrown

understand understood understood

wake woke woken

wear wore worn

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. We want you to tell us what you did yesterday and what you have done this week to practise the past simple and past participle

of these irregular verbs. Send us a voice message with speakpipe or Send us an email to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

On next week's episode: Proverbs and David from Mexico asks us about adverbs, adjectives, verbs and nouns

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

Direct download: AIRC73_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 6:36pm CEST

Hello and welcome to Mansion Interviews, a podcast which gives me an excuse to talk to interesting people while at the same time improving your English.

When I saw Bea's website destinoreinounido.com I thought 'What a wonderful idea, a website in Spanish to help Spanish speakers who want to go to the Uk to work, study and live.'

I started to look aroud Bea's site and I found a wealth of information on everything from work and job interviews, tourism, accommodation in the UK and all that important and necessary stuff concerning bureauocracy and red tape, tax, National Insurance, Health, even what plug (enchufe) you need in the UK.

I was amazed at how useful and accessable the information is on Bea's site so I wanted to have a chat with her and introduce you to her and her website, because you too might be thinking of going to live and work in the uK. Or, you might be already there!

You can improve your listening with comprehension questions and find some help with difficult words from this interview at inglespodcast.com/bea


scouse - procedente de Liverpool, dialecto de Liverpool
twins - gemelos
national insurance - seguridad social
taps - grifos
to hang out - pasar el rato
grey - gris, nublado
(family) bond, tie - vínculo, lazo
to my mind - en mi opinión, a mi manera de pensar, a mi modo de ver
I'm not a big fan (of) - no soy un gran aficionado (de)
to charge - cobrar
recruiter - empresa de selección de personal
plug - enchufe


Bea is looking for new team members to help her with her project, so if you're interested in collaborating with Bea, you can reach her through her website at destinoreinounido.com.

Thank you Bea for sharing your story, and your website, with us.

Thank you to you for listening to this Mansion Interview. You can find more podcasts to improve your English at inglespodcast.com and you can study English free at mansioningles.com

If you enjoyed this podcast, please go and show us some iTunes love by giving us some stars and maybe a short review so that more people can find our podcasts.

Direct download: mansioninterviews_BeaRamirez_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 12:40pm CEST

If you are a new listener to this podcast, welcome to the award-winning podcast that improves your English.
With over 40 years of teaching between us, we'll help you improve your English and take it to the next level.

In this episode: You and I, you and me - afterwards, after all - who, whom, whose

Listener Feedback:

Javi T.

I wanted to ask you a couple of questions.
Diference between, '' After all '' and '' afterwards'' // Exemp: we are not a good chefs, but after all, the food wasn't that bad.
we had to study last night, but afterwards we went out for a few beers.

'Afterwards' is a time expression. It refers to time.

'After all' is more than a time expression:

"I thought I was lost, but I was going the right way after all."

"Let me help you. After all, you always help me." (por lo menos)

"After all is said and done." - al fin y al cabo, a fin de cuentas

"After all the trouble she's causes me, I still love Berta." (despues de todo)

"We had lunch. Afterwards, John went home."

¡OJO! It's not correct to say, X"We had lunch. Afterwards, John went home."X you should say, "We had lunch. After that, John went home."

"After" is a preposition and needs to go with another word.

Whom, who or whose?

"To Whom It May Concern" - Use this expression in formal emails when you do not know the name of the person you are writing to.

whose = de quién

Whom is mainly used in formal English (especially in written English).

Whom can only be for objects, it cannot be for subjects.

"Are you the gentleman WHOM I met earlier?" ('Whom' is the object, 'I' is the subject). This is not common spoken English. It's more common to use 'who', not 'whom' in modern spoken English.

When it's an indirect object, with a preposition, use 'whom'.

"For Whom the Bells Toll" by Ernest Hemingway

"With Whom are you going out tonight?"

Use WHOM (with an 'M') if the answer is HIM. - "Whom do you love?" - "I love him." (No se dice, X"I love he."X)


"Is it posible to use the verbs 'fancy , feel like' as past verbs tense?

Yes, it is! - "I fancied a pizza so we went out for dinner."

"I felt like having a pizza."

A question from Armando

Hello, Reza and Craig. I want to thank you for creating this podcasts every week. I am from Colombia and recently I became a patron to support your great labor (work).

I really hope that many people can join us because together we can achieve the aim of having written transcriptions for every episode.

Would you mind help me with this question?

I have been studying how to create questions with the following words:

how, what, which, where, when, among others, but I can't understand or identify the structure for these sentences and when I need to use these auxiliary verbs:
do / does / did / have / has / etc

I know the auxiliary 'do' is for I / you / we / they in the present simple, and 'does' for he / she / it. But it is not clear for me when I need to put the auxiliary in the question and when not to. For example:

What time do you usually have breakfast?
How many people live in this house? (this question does not have any auxiliary)
How much is this bunch of white roses?
How often do you visit your parents?

When the question word is an object, use an auxiliary verb:

+ I eat rice. (positive form)
- I don't eat rice. (negative form)
? Do I eat rice. (question form)

"How many people live in this house? ("How many" is the subject, not the object)

"Who did you help?" - "I helped John." - "Who (object) did you (subject) help?" - "I helped John (object)."

"Who helped you?" - "Who (subject) helped you (object)?"

"How many eggs did you buy?" (auxiliary verb)

"How many cars arrived?" (no auxiliary verb)

"Whose car is this?" - The verb TO BE never uses an auxiliary verb.

"How long ago did my mother arrive?" My mother is the subject - you need an auxiliary verb.

"Where do you work?" - 'You' is the subject of the question, so you need an auxiliary verb

I do not understand why these sentences use the verb 'likes' with 's' instead of 'like' without s:

"Craig likes chocolate." - 'like' has an 's' because it's a 3rd person statement in the present simple tense.

"Does Craig like chocolate?" - this is a question with does, so there is no 's' in the persent simple.

The auxiliary verbs 'do', 'does', 'don't' are followed by the infinitive without 'to'.

Isabel from Brazil: "You and me" or "You and I"?

'I' is a subject pronoun and 'me' is an object pronoun.

"I love you" is correct. X"Me love you."X is not correct.

"She love me." ('me' is the object)

"You and me do the podcast together." ('you and me' are both sobjects)

"Reza and I love podcasting." ('Reza and I' are both subjects)

"Reza and me will have a pint of lager."

"Reza and I will have a pint of lager."

Both the above sentences are correct. "Reza and I" is more common in formal and written English. "Reza and me", "You and me" etc is more common in spoken and informally written English.

Julio Alejandro Pinzón Núñez
Tunja - Colombia

Gracias por las lecciones, he aprendido mucho y aclarado muchas dudas.

Acabo de escuchar el Episodio 3 y aquí en Colombia utilizamos el verbo colocar como sinónimo de poner, por ejemplo "Póngase en la fila" = "Colóquese en la fila" = "Haga la fila" o también "Coloca el libro en la mesa" = "Pon en libro en la mesa"

"Put the book on the table."
"Put yourself in the queue." / "Get in the queue." / "Get in line." /"Get in the queue." / "Queue up."

Send us an email, or record your voice and send us a sound file, with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

Direct download: AIRC72_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 7:41pm CEST

Go and come, could and would, reglas para leer inglés - AIR71

If you are a new listener to this podcast, welcome! I'm Craig. This is Reza, and we are going to help you take it to the next level.
With over 40 years of teaching between us, we'll help you improve your grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation.

In this episode: your questions; could - would, come - go and we speak about getting old,

Thanks to Lara Arlem who donated $3 per month to our Patreon program. - There will be news soon about the transcriptions.

Listener Feedback: Rafael:

"Muy interesante este capítulo de los FALSE FRIENDS (inglespodcast.com/64 - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2015/08/16/false-friends-airc64/ )
ahora se me ocurre un false friend POLICY no es POLICIA (policy = política, regla, norma - póliza - insurance policy).

Una duda que tengo desde que empecé a coger libros de inglés es, si en el inglés no hay reglas (fijas), para leerlo, como se leería una palabra que la ves escrita por primera vez y que no la has oido pronunciar con anterioridad,
(es lo que nos pasa a los españoles cuando cogemos un libro en inglés) que no sabemos como pronunciar muchas palabras del libro."

There are not many pronunciation rules that help you, Rafael. Some of the rules will confuse you more than help you.

We suggest that you learn and use the phonemic script. A good dictionary will have the word in the script so that you can pronounce it properly. Here are some links to pages in the mánsion inglés intermediate course where you can learn all of the symbols:


Rafael también dice, "Reza sabe un montón de español!"

Voice message from Javier Trimin from Barcelona living in Fort William, Scotland who has a 'Because of my English...' story to tell us.

Claudia - Buenos Aires, Argentina

Hello how are You? I have been listening You for the last three months. I had a Hangout with Craig once.
I really like the way you introduce the different subjects, develop and explain them. I am 57 years old. I learned English at school, as You can see It passed some time since I left school! (It's been a long time since....)
I would like to ask you when the word "come" must be used. For example "I am coming to your home" or "I am going to your home"?

come = venir / go = ir. Come is also llegar (arrive) What time are they coming? - ¿A qué hora llegan?

'Come ' is used with 'here'. - "I'm waiting in my house for Paul. I wonder what time he's going to come (here)?"

"How did you come to be an accountant?" - ¿Cómo llegaste a ser un contable? Reza, how did you come to be a teacher?

"Go" can mean 'become' when It's used with an adjective - "I think I'm going crazy." - "Creo que me estoy volviendo loco."

I have got a question. Would you mind help me with this?
I was listening to the podcast AIRC40 (inglespodcast/40 - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2015/01/01/i-like-to-goi-like-going-wouldcould-i-cant-help-gerund-i-dont-feel-like-gerund-i-didnt-mean-to-infinitive-airc40/ )

where you spoke about 'Could' and 'Would'.

Could is related to Can. Could is the past of can and the conditional. You also used the following examples:

I could see him = Yo podía verlo (for the past)

I could see him = Yo podría verlo (for the conditional)

Podía is not exactly the past of the verb 'Poder' in Spanish, it is the 'Pretérito imperfecto'. The past of the verb 'Poder' in Spanish is 'Pude'.

Yo pude (Pretérito)
Yo podía (Pretérito imperfecto)

But my English teacher told me that it's not common to use 'could' to express (or to convey) an action in the past.

"When I was a child I could run really fast, but I can't now." (general ability)

When you're talking about a specific situation, 'could' is not possible: "I fell from a great height and broke my leg, but I was able to get up." No se dice X"I could get up."X

Use 'could' for general ability and not for specific situations.

In the negative, you can use 'could' in both circumstances: "I broke my leg and I couldn't get up." / "When I was a child I couldn't play the piano." (Use the negative 'couldn't' (could not) for general ability and for specific situations.

Ya puedes escuchar los podcasts de La Mansión del Inglés con nuestro app for iphone y ipad. ¡Es gratis!

Elisa from Finland
The phrase 'I'm getting old'. When does it start and when does it stop? When do you start getting old? Are there any advantages in getting old? Definitely not ;)

Reza: Began to feel old quite suddenly a month ago. Reza will soon need bifocal glasses.

Craig: dislikes modern pop music, walks into the bathroom with the dirty dinner plates. Walks into a room and forget why

Advantages of getting old - Your confidence increases, you care less about stuff, appreciating life's small pleasures, having wisdom. Feeling less nervous, anxious and up tight.

On next week's episode: More of your questions!

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'



Direct download: AIRC71_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 8:25pm CEST