Aprende ingles con inglespodcast de La Mansión del Inglés-Learn English Free
Lecciones para aprender y mejorar tú inglés. English lessons to improve your grammar, vocabulary and listening skills.

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 













Direct download: AIRC164_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 10:37am CEST

On this podcast, you’ll improve your music vocabulary and learn a few music expressions and idioms that will take your English to the next level. Welcome to Aprender Inglés with Reza and Craig.

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Direct download: AIRC163_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 7:39pm CEST

Today on Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig, do we say ‘make an exam’ or ‘do an exam’? What’s the difference between a master’s degree and a bachelor’s degree? We talk about Academic terms and vocabulary on this week’s show.

Voice message from Igor from San Sebastian

Books we recommend and writers we like?
Bill Bryson - https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Bryson 

We're sorry there's only only 90 seconds on the Speakpipe service https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast  (attach mp3 file to an email) As poor podcasters, we can’t afford more than 90 seconds!

Ernest Hemingway - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernest_Hemingway  

Neil Gaiman (short fiction, novels, comic books) The Sandman, American Gods, The Graveyard Book - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neil_Gaiman  

Graded readers (or read a book in Spanish first and then read the original)
Comics
Lord of The Rings, Harry Potter, Batman, Spiderman
What are you favourite authors and genres?
What are you reading at the moment?

Voice message from Ivan from Valencia
X”I’d like to point out how useful have your podcasts been for me.”X (.....your podcasts have been for me. Not a question, so not question word order.)
I beg you to…..
It’s messy in my mind
Pronunciation - ‘title’

ACADEMIC TERMS
We looked at some useful academic vocabulary in episode 87:
http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/01/24/academic-english-vocabulary-airc87/ 

Here are a few more expressions:
To do/sit/take an exam

To redo/resit/retake an exam (if you fail first time round!) - to do resits

To do a degree in ___________ eg. I’m doing a degree in Physics at Oxford (University)
(A career = a long-term profession/job, NOT a degree. eg. Peter had a 30-year career as a policeman until he retired.)

Higher education (HE) = university (UK)/college (USA) level education

Further education (FE) = education after leaving school, eg. a technical college, an agricultural college, a catering college, etc.

Tertiary education = anything after Primary then Secondary education = FE or HE

There are four main degree levels: associate, bachelors, masters, and doctorate.

Associate Degrees
2-year courses for things like nursing, graphic design and other vocational areas. - community colleges and technical schools.

Completing an associate degree program qualify you to get a job.
The most common degrees available at the associate level include:

Associate of Arts (A.A.)
Associate of Science (A.S.)
Associate of Applied Science (AAS)

Bachelor's Degrees
Undergraduate program - 4 years usually - major area of study, such as finance, history, communications or biology.

Bachelor of Arts (B.A.)
Bachelor of Science (B.S./B.Sc.)
Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA)
Bachelor of Applied Science (BAS)

Master's Degrees
Master's degree programs are graduate programs that let you specialize in an area of study.
Usually take 1-2 years to complete.
Many master's degree programs need you to write a thesis for graduation.

Master of Arts (M.A.)
Master of Science (M.S./M.Sc.)
Master of Business Administration (MBA)
Master of Fine Arts (MFA)

Doctoral Degrees
Doctoral degree programs, also known as Ph.D. programs, are the most advanced type of degree program available. Admittance may require individuals to hold a master's degree, although several programs accept candidates who only hold bachelor's degrees.

Completing a Ph.D. program usually takes several years, and often involves the completion of a dissertation and a major research project.

Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.)
Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)

For a fairly exhaustive list of useful academic expressions to write academic English at university level, try the Academic Phrase Bank compiled by Dr. John Morley::
http://www.kfs.edu.eg/com/pdf/2082015294739.pdf 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qualification_types_in_the_United_Kingdom
http://www.macmillandictionary.com/thesaurus-category/british/degrees-and-other-academic-qualifications 


Email from Ana Perez
Hello Reza and Craig:
I want to thank you for your job, I've just passed the FCE and you had helped me a lot. I usually go to work listening to your podcasts even now because I want to go on improving my English. I'm 52 years old and I don't need it for my job but I love it since I was child (I’ve loved it). I'm looking for something to practice my speaking ability, but all what (that/ O) I find such as total inmersión (immersion) is too expensive. Do you know something else?
By the way, your voices are very very nice.
Thank you for everything,
Kisses,
Ana

You could sign up for an online service like italki and pay an online teacher.

You can start by recording yourself on your mobile phone to increase your confidence.

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Are you too shy to practise your English online?
PLease tell us what is stopping you from using Skype, or similar software, to improve your speaking.
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast  

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed show notes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast
Our lovely sponsors are:

Nikolay Dimitrov
Ana Cherta
Pedro Martinez
Manuel García Betegón
Maite Palacín Pérez
Lara Arlem
Maria Gervatti
Sara Jarabo
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Corey Fineran
Mariel Riedemann
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Manuel Tarazona
Agus Paolucci
Manuel Velázquez
Néstor García Mañes
Juan Carlos 

We want to thank Arminda from Madrid and Alberto from Granada for continuing to transcribe full transcriptions. Alberto has transcribed episodes 132 and 133, so we now have full transcriptions for episodes 131 to 142.

On next week's episode: Music Vocabulary

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'











Direct download: AIRC162_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 8:00pm CEST

How important is personal space and body language when you are communicating? What’s the difference between alone, by myself and on my own? All this and more in this week’s episode of…..Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig.

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


Email from Alberto from Granada who is transcribing episodes for us
I saw recently a British TV drama called “The Fall”, starring Gillian Anderson, which is set in Northern Ireland. Don’t know if you’ve seen it, but I totally recommend it. I really loved the Northern Irish accent, you know, like every sentence is a question and the tone rises at the end. I found it very funny. Could you please ask Reza to do some Northern Irish accent for me, pleaseeee? I would really enjoy it!
Alberto

Voice message from Jesus from Valencia about subtitles when watching films and TV series
Jesus is another AIRCoholic)
“I’ve been studying English my whole life” / “I’ve been taking it seriously since…./for the last year and a half.”
Pronunciation of ‘searched’ only ‘t’ and ‘d’ sounds for the ‘ed’ ending (started, landed, farted, painted, needed, decided, waited)
I watch A BUNCH of movies
Dependant XaboutX - ON

Mamen from Biescas
On my own / by myself / alone / lonely
‘On my own’ - when you do stuff without help - “I painted the flat on my own”, “I fixed my bike on my own.”
‘By myself’ usually describes a situation, not when you do something.
https://quizlet.com/es  
https://www.memrise.com/  
https://www.duolingo.com/  


Voice message from Miguel (Michael) who doesn’t have a dog. He has a baby and a cat.

English people are very ‘close moved’ or ‘separative’ (stand-offish, aloof, distant, remote, detached, impersonal, withdrawn, reserved, uncommunicative, unforthcoming, unapproachable, unfriendly, unsociable, cool, chilly, cold, haughty, disdainful, uninvolved, unresponsive, indifferent, unconcerned, introverted)
They guard their personal space.

Would you sit at a table that was already taken in a crowded bar or cafe if there were empty seats?

Which cultures need a lot of personal space?

Which nationalities don’t necessarily need a lot of personal space?

How important is body language when you are communicating?

Should you kiss an English woman when you are introduced to her for the first time?

How important is a handshake? - Should you get the upper hand?
TED Talk by Allan Pease: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZZZ7k8cMA-4 

Documentary on body language: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kY1K_IefjSA 

Do you kiss and hug men that you are close to?

What other cultural differences can you think of between the Spanish and the English?
- meal times and business hours
- siesta
- eating & drinking habits
- Christmas and New Year
- politeness & directness
- tutting (to say no) and hissing (to get someone’s attention)
- customer service

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have an opinion on personal space, or anything we've spoken about in this podcast?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast  

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 


Our lovely sponsors are:

Nikolay Dimitrov
Ana Cherta
Pedro Martinez
Manuel García Betegón
Maite Palacín Pérez
Lara Arlem
Maria Gervatti
Sara Jarabo
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Corey Fineran
Mariel Riedemann
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Manuel Tarazona
Agus Paolucci
Manuel Velázquez
Néstor García Mañes
Juan Carlos

We want to thank Arminda from Madrid and Alberto from Granada for continuing to transcribe full transcriptions. Alberto has transcribed episodes 132 and 133, so we now have full transcriptions for episodes 131 to 142.

On next week's episode: Academic terms and vocabulary

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

 

Direct download: AIRC161_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 8:00pm CEST

Are you studying for the Cambridge FCE exam? Need some help? We’ll be talking about that and climate change vocabulary on this week’s episode of…...AIRC

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Voice message from Andress and Lulu who are living in Yorkshire, UK
We spoke about the pronunciation of irregular verbs in episode 73 ( http://www.inglespodcast.com/2015/10/18/pronunciation-of-irregular-verbs-airc73/  )
We also spoke about the 'ed' endings on regular verbs in episode 60 ( https://www.inglespodcast.com/2015/07/19/the-ed-ending-on-past-regular-verbs-airc60-2/  )

XWe are living in Yorkshire since one year ago.X - We’ve been living in Yorkshire for a year. We came to Yorkshire a year ago. How long have you been living in Valencia? - Living in your flat? - Speaking Spanish?

Email from Alberto Diaz
Hello Craig and also Reza "The dynamic duo" hahaha
Please help me, I have a doubt
How we can realize what "time" has the verb could in the next sentence? (How can we know which tense the verb ‘could’ is in the next sentence?):
“I could go to the party.”
Past: Pude/Podía ir a la fiesta
Subjuntivo: Podría ir a la fiesta.
How (does) a native speaker figure out the exact tense (past or subjunctive)?
Thanks in advance

I could go to the party - It’s a possibility - Conditional - If I had a car, I could go to the party (but I don’t have a car, so I can’t)
Past ability - I could go to the (firm’s Christmas) party before I became an alcoholic (I was able to)

If I could (PAST-pudiera) run faster, maybe I could (CONDITIONAL-podría) be a famous athlete some day.

Voice message from Sira from Sabadell
I live near Barcelona (or 'next to')
I?m enjoying the podcast (or 'I'm enjoying IT')
“Thank you for all” - Thank you for everything

We already looked at some useful vocabulary about The Environment in Episode 96:
http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/03/28/nature-and-the-environment-airc96/ 

Climate Change Vocabulary

Climate change - change in global weather patterns
Emissions - gasses and smoke from power stations and factories burning coal and from car exhaust fumes (carbon dioxide).
Greenhouse gases - gases that allow the sun’s radiation to pass through the earth’s atmosphere. They also trap heat and stop it leaving the atmosphere (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide)
The greenhouse effect - the effect that greenhouse gases have on the environment
Fossil fuels - gas, oil, coal etc
Ecosystems - natural habitats that support different kinds of animal and plant life, such as coral reefs.
Carbon footprint - The measure of greenhouse gas emitted by certain actions of humans or industries.
Extreme weather - flooding, typhoons/hurricanes, tornados, etc.
Flash flooding - very severe flooding which happens extremely quickly
Desertification
Deforestation
Rising sea levels
rising ice caps
Food/Water shortages
drought
Illegal logging - cutting down trees illegally
Heatwaves - periods of unusually hot weather
Climate change denier - person who denies/rejects the existence of climate change
The polar ice cap is melting
Floods, droughts and other extreme weather conditions lead to food shortages
The ozone layer protecting the Earth’s atmosphere is being damaged

Useful Expressions

As a result of….
Has an impact on...
Is a consequence of...
A rise in temperature could lead to…..
There’s a high risk of…
Long-term consequences

Voice message from Mamen (Thank you for the cheese!)

http://www.flo-joe.com/ 

http://www.examenglish.com/FCE/fce_listening.html 

http://www.cambridgeenglish.org/exams/first/  - You can change the language to Spanish at the top right hand side of the page (on a desktop)

La Mansión del Inglés First Certificate Course: http://store.mansioningles.net/downloads/first-certificate-course/  

http://www.getspokenapp.com/  

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast  

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed show notes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 
Our lovely sponsors are:

Nikolay Dimitrov
Ana Cherta
Pedro Martinez
Manuel García Betegón
Maite Palacín Pérez
Lara Arlem
Maria Gervatti
Sara Jarabo
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Corey Fineran
Mariel Riedemann
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Manuel Tarazona
Agus Paolucci
Manuel Velázquez
Néstor García Mañes (new sponsor)
Juan Carlos (new sponsor) - How to Pass a Job Interview mp3 and pdf

We want to thank Arminda from Madrid and Alberto from Granada for continuing to transcribe full transcriptions.
Alberto has transcribed episodes 132 and 133, so we now have full transcriptions for episodes 131 to 142.

On next week's episode: Personal Space

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Direct download: AIRC160_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 8:00pm CEST

 

Jose nearly died! How did that happen? Today we’ve got Jose’s True English Story and much, much more in…….Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

A voice message from Eugeni from Barcelona
Episode 149
(http://www.inglespodcast.com/2017/04/03/the-mexican-wall-and-eugenis-pronunciation-airc149/  )
"By no means will Eugeni stop listening to us!"
Keep on rocking!

Email from Antonio from Badajoz

Hi Reza and Craig! It's Antonio again with another question for you.
Watching movies in original version, I've realised that a lot of times, I can hear the expression "How would you like...?" followed, for
example, by either "a punch in the nose", or "being left by a woman that way" or something like that.
I gather it's some kind of complaint or threat, but, since I can't entirely get my head round it.
I'd love you guys to shed light on that if you please.

Thanks in advance! hugs from Badajoz!

1. For offering someone something that you think they will enjoy.
How would you like a glass of wine?
How would you like a free T-shirt?

2. For telling someone to consider how they would feel if something bad happened to them, especially if it has already happened to you.
How would you like a punch on the nose? (threat)
How would you like someone stealing your mobile phone?
How would you like it if I spilled beer on your trousers and didn't even apologise?
How would you like being left by a woman in that way?

Comment on the blog about the farming episode 155 from Nayabet who’s on a farm in New Zealand ( http://www.inglespodcast.com/2017/05/14/farming-and-agriculture-airc155/  )
Thank you so much guys for this podcast, it will be really useful for me, in fact, I work on a dairy farm here in NZ and I’m a bit familiar with this (these) words but not with all of them.
So thank you once more.

Voice message from Lyan from Panama
Free courses and resources on Mansioningles.com and on our Facebook page at Facebook.com/mansioningles 

Jose’s True English Story
These stories began with episode 137 on how to tell a story in English:
http://www.inglespodcast.com/2017/01/08/how-to-tell-a-story-in-english-airc137/ 

Marcelo’s Story - Episode 157

Mamen’s story - Episode 148 http://www.inglespodcast.com/2017/03/26/mamens-true-english-story-and-more-idioms-airc148/ 

Jose’s Story

Vocabulary
Outskirts - alrededores
To flow - when liquid moves - fluir
Channel - a waterway (brazo, cauce, acequia) / canal
To drag - arrastrar
To overflow - derramarse
To slip - resbalarse
To yell - gritar - scream, shout
Edge - borde (bank - the land at river's edge - orilla
To drown - to die/kill in water - ahogar(se)
To scold - regañar - (to tell off)
To hug - abrazar

Comprehension questions
1. How old was Jose when the story happened?
2. Who had drowned in the chanal in the past?
3. How long did the incident take from start to finish?

Now listen to Jose’s story and answer the questions

1. How old was Jose when the story happened - 10
2. Who had drowned in the chanal in the past? - gypsy children
3. How long did the incident take from start to finish - 30 seconds

Corrections
XHere is my story, I hope you likeX (it)
XAll over us had forgiven playing close to the channelX (All of us had been forbidden to play close to the canal)
You know how children are (good word order)
Pronunciation of 'drown' and 'water'
XNowadays, the water is running undergroundX (runs underground)
XI realised that I was approaching to the tunnel.X - I realised that I was approaching the tunnel.

Transcript

I was living in the outskirts of Valencia, in the same city where I've always lived. Close to my home flowed one of the seven main channels in this city. Its water was used by a big paper factory, therefore the channel passed into the factory by a tunnel where there were two enormous wood blades rolling constantly in order to break up the things that the water dragged.

Back then, the children we played on the street all our free time and naturally all of us had forbidden playing (had been forbidden to play) close to the channel. But you know how children are because you have also been two of them not very long ago.

One day, we were around this forbidden place and the channel was so fast-flowing because of the previous rainy days, that water was on the edge, almost overflowing. I was walking on the edge admiring the speed and strength of the water when I slipped and fell into the water. My friends started to yell my name because they wanted to help me, but they couldn't because the water ran speedily and swept me along very quickly. I tried several times to reach the edge to get out from the water, but I couldn't.

I realized, that I was approaching to the tunnel dangerously close to the tunnel and I knew I had just one more chance to reach the edge, but I fell again. Then, I knew that I didn't have enough time to try it again. I was afraid because I was already entering into the tunnel and I knew that this meant dying like many gypsy children had already drowned.

However, the volume of the water was so high that my small body hit into the top of the tunnel and it stopped me for a few milliseconds and gave me time to reach the edge and get out from the water when my legs were already into (in) the tunnel. All of it happened just in around thirty seconds, no more.

When my parents were told about that, they didn't scold me. Just gave me a huge hug and they thank God THAT nothing bad had HAPPENED to me. So, I could survive this way from a certain death from drowning. Surely I had still a lot of things to do in my life.

Of course, we never went to play near the channel again, at least me.

A few years later this channel was covered because of the city development, and nowadays the water is running underground.

Well, this is my story. I hope you like (it).

Recap - What makes a good story, like Jose’s?
An accurate mix of verb tenses. eg past simple V past continuous V present perfect, etc.
A varied, interesting range of vocabulary, including expressions/idioms
Using detailed, descriptive language, especially adjectives and adverbs
Using linking expressions. eg. contrast (although, etc); addition (on top of that, etc.); time (afterwards, etc.); consequence (as a result, etc.); reference (as for, etc) and so on.
Using suspense, drama, mystery, shock, and other emotions that grab the reader’s attention

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a true English story to tell us?
Send us a voice message or record it on your computer and send it to us by email. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast  Emails to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed show notes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 
Our lovely sponsors are:

Nikolay Dimitrov
Ana Cherta
Pedro Martinez
Maite Palacín Pérez
Lara Arlem
Maria Gervatti
Sara Jarabo
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Corey Fineran
Mariel Riedemann
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Manuel Tarazona
Agus Paolucci
Manuel Velázquez
Néstor García Mañes

We want to thank Arminda from Madrid and Alberto from Granada for continuing to transcribe full transcriptions. Alberto has transcribed episodes 132 and 133, so we now have full transcriptions for episodes 131 to 141.

On next week's episode: Vocabulary: The Environment

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Direct download: AIRC159_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 9:06pm CEST

What were the last words of Elvis Presley? What did John Lennon say before he died? Famous last words and idioms this week on…….Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Voice Message from Alba Romá from Denia

Great idea to talk to your baby in English

Alex Perdel Aventura Bilingue: https://enclavedepodcast.com/2017/02/05/alex-perdel/ 

Alex’s Podcast: http://www.crecereningles.com/podcast/ 

iTunes review: Thank you! This is the best podcast I ever found. Good work! It's very helpful. I found you three weeks ago and now I'm addicted.
by Aldroper from Spain

Voice Message from Gabriel from Tijuana
He’s not disagreeing with us, he’s disagreeing with the wall.
Episode 149 Edgar Ubaldo’s message (http://www.inglespodcast.com/2017/04/03/the-mexican-wall-and-eugenis-pronunciation-airc149/  )

Voice message from Josep from Barcelona
The Phrase Finder: http://www.phrases.org.uk/ 

Kurt Cobain - Nirvana (1967-1994)
It's better to burn out than to fade away."

Elvis Presley (1935 - 1977)
Towards the end of his life, at his last press conference, amongst the final words he said in public were: "I hope I haven't bored you."
Elvis took an overdose of drugs and he said to his fiancée "I'm going to the bathroom to read."

John Lennon (1940-1980)
"I'm shot."

John Quincy Adams (1767–1848) - 6th President of the United States
"This, is the last of earth. I am content."

Frank Sinatra died after saying, “I’m losing it.”

Buddha (AKA Siddhattha Gautama)
circa 563BC - circa 483BC
"Work hard to gain your own salvation."
He also said, "Behold, O monks, this is my advice to you. All component things in the world are changeable."

George Orwell’s last written words were, “At fifty, everyone has the face he deserves.” He died at age 46.

Leonardo da Vinci was very modest. He said, “I have offended God and mankind because my work did not reach the quality it should have.”

Spike Milligan (1918-2005)
"I told you I was ill." (Epitaph written on his tombstone)

Sir Winston Churchill’s last words were, “I’m bored with it all.”

As he was dying, Alfred Hitchcock said, “One never knows the ending. One has to die to know exactly what happens after death, although Catholics have their hopes.”

Stan Laurel (1890-1965)
"I'd rather be skiing."

Groucho Marx’s final quip (witty remark) when he was dying was:
“This is no way to live!”

Ernesto “Che” Guevara’s last words before execution, after being taken prisoner:
“I know you are here to kill me. Shoot! You’re only going to kill a man!”

Johannes Brahms, German composer (1833 - 1897):
“Ah! That tastes nice! Thank you” after he had a small glass of wine.

Anna Pavlova, Russian ballerina, (1881 - 1931):
“Get my swan costume ready.”

Dylan Thomas, poet, (1914 - 1953):
“I’ve had 18 straight whiskies. I think that’s the record…”

Karl Marx, German philosopher, (1818 - 1883):
When asked by his housekeeper what he wanted his final words to be, he said: “Go on, get out! Last words are for fools who haven’t said enough!”

What would you want your last words to be?
How would you like to be remembered?
If you could leave a 'moral will', what would be in it? - What advice would you like to pass on?

Interesting idiomatic phrases

Put the cart before the horse - Reverse the accepted or logical order of things. - eat dessert before the main course or decide what to wear before you've been invited to the party.

'upside down', 'topsy-turvy' and 'inside out'.

Get off scot free - completely free from obligation, harm, or penalty
“The bank robbers got off scot free” - nothing to do with Scottish people. It comes from not paying taxes!

Take the Mickey - tease or make fun of (burlar) - Take the Mickey Bliss (Cockney rhyming slang - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/05/29/the-london-accent-and-cockney-rhyming-slang-airc105/  
NB. This expression has no connection with Mickey Mouse!

Back to square one - back to the beginning, start again

Over the moon - very happy or delighted

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast 

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed show notes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 
Our lovely sponsors are:

Nikolay Dimitrov
Ana Cherta
Pedro Martinez
Maite Palacín Pérez
Lara Arlem
Maria Gervatti
Sara Jarabo
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Corey Fineran
Mariel Riedemann
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Manuel Tarazona
Agus Paolucci
Manuel Velázquez
Néstor García Mañes

We want to thank Arminda from Madrid for continuing to transcribe full transcriptions.
There are now full transcriptions for episodes 131, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139 and 140.
Thank you also to Alberto Gómez from Granada who has kindly transcribed episode 132 on Linking sounds

If you would like all of our episodes transcribed, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 
If you are a sponsor and have a job interview in English soon, there’s a free pdf and mp3 of our How To Pass a Job Interview e-book on the Patreon page

On next week's episode: Jose’s True Story

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/  

 

Direct download: AIRC158_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 4:56pm CEST

In this episode we're going to help you with adjective prefixes like UNbelievable and IMpossible, and Marcelo tells us his true story. Welcome to…..Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Voice message from Josep from Barcelona
Josep has passed CAE! - Congratulations!!!!

Are there rules for prefixes? - not really, but there are common patterns!
We spoke about word formation in general in episodes 59 and 61: http://www.inglespodcast.com/2015/07/12/vocabulary-word-formation-airc59/  
http://www.inglespodcast.com/2015/07/26/adjectives-of-character-airc61/ 

PREFIXES
Words that start with il- generally have the prefix il- (illegal, illogical), but there are exceptions.
Words that begin with ir- tend to have the prefix ir- (irrelevant, irrational, irregular, irresponsible)

SUFFIXES - at the end
People who do jobs: suffixes -er, -ist, -ant, -or, -ee (teacher, artist, shop assistant, professor)
Adjective suffixes: -ful, -less, -able, -ous, -ive. -itive, -y, -ible (helpful, useless, bossy)
Noun suffixes: -tion, -ment, -ness, -ity, -ance, -ence, -ship (education, clarity, friendship)

PREFIXES - at the start
1. Negative prefixes (mainly used for adjectives, but can be for verbs and nouns): un-, in-, -im, -dis, -ir, -il (untrue, disloyal, illogical)
2. Prefixes that give a specific meaning: anti- V pro-, down- V up-, hyper- V hypo-, pre- V post-, V micro- V macro-, sub- V supra-, inter-, V intra, multi-, V mono-, hetero- V homo-, under- V over-, trans-, ultra, semi-, non-, mini-, super- mega-...
(pro-government V anti-government, pre-war V post-war, mega-city, mini-skirt, international, ultra-modern, transatlantic, semi-skimmed..)


What’s the opposite?
Employed - unemployed
Relevant - irrelevant
Successful - unsuccessful
Possible - impossible
Trustworthy - untrustworthy
Noisy - quiet, noiseless
Comfortable - uncomfortable
Mature - immature
Respect - disrespect
Regular - irregular
Believable - unbelievable
Tolerant - intolerant
Satisfied - dissatisfied
Moral - immoral
Legal - illegal
Concerned - unconcerned
Lucky - unlucky
Reliable - unreliable
Modest - immodest
Obedient - disobedient
Honest - dishonest
Practical - impractical
Patient - impatient
Responsible - irresponsible
Perfect - imperfect
Experienced - inexperienced
Logical - illogical
Micro-economic - macroeconomic
Homosexual - heterosexual
Alcoholic (drink) - non-alcoholic
Pre-revolution(ary) - post-revolution(ary) Some words can be adjective or noun.
eg. a pre-revolution stamp. (Pre-revolution can be an adjective.)
Anti-war - pro-war. eg. The anti-war protestors had a demo. (anti-war is an adjective)
Overcooked - undercooked

Email from Marcelo from Buenos Aires
Hello Reza and Craig
Thank you very much for your podcasts. It is very nice to listen to them especially on Sunday evenings when everything seems to be dull.
I'm sending you a recording of something I experienced and wrote in English, as some kind of solace (consuelo).
I hope it to be useful for the podcast . I don't like my voice but that happens to a lot of people, as you said.
Regards
Marcelo from Buenos Aires

Vocabulary
Snack
Walmart
A (cold) shiver - escalofrío, temblor
Pickpocket
Accomplice - cómplice
Evidence - proof, evidencía
Plugged in - enchufado, conectado
To charge - cargar, recargar

Questions
1. Which two ways does Marcelo suggest for saving money before you go to the supermarket?
2. What did Marcelo think had been stolen from him?
3. What was the man doing while he was waiting in the queue?

Answers
1. Which two ways does Marcelo suggest for saving money before you go to the supermarket? - Make a list, eat before you go
2. What did Marcelo think had been stolen from him? - his mobile phone
3. What was the man doing while he was waiting in the queue? - opening a packet of crisps

Feedback
Great pronunciation, especially of words like snack, crisps, mobile, vegetable, hypothetical, charged
/h/ hypothetical, home - when I got ‘home’

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. We want to hear your true stories. Tell us anything, but it must be true!
Send us a voice message . https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast  or attach an audio file to an email. Send them to craig@inglespodcast.com If yo want to send Reza an email, send it to belfastreza@gmail.com.

How to Tell a Story in English - Episode 137 ( https://www.inglespodcast.com/2017/01/08/how-to-tell-a-story-in-english-airc137/  )

If you would like more detailed show notes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 
Our lovely sponsors are:

Nikolay Dimitrov
Ana Cherta
Pedro Martinez
Maite Palacín Pérez
Lara Arlem
Maria Gervatti
Sara Jarabo
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Corey Fineran
Mariel Riedemann
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Manuel Tarazona
Agus Paolucci 
Manuel Velázquez 
Néstor García Mañes

If you are a sponsor and have a job interview in English soon, there’s a free pdf and mp3 of our How To Pass a Job Interview e-book on the Patreon page Patreon.com/inglespodcast

We want to thank Arminda from Madrid and Alberto from Granada for continuing to transcribe full transcriptions. Alberto has transcribed episodes 132 and 133, so we now have full transcriptions for episodes 131 to 141.

 

On next week's episode: Famous Last Words

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Direct download: AIRC157_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 11:38am CEST

Holidays and Travel - AIRC156

Summer’s here! Today you’ll learn how to talk about holidays and travel. There’s lots of holiday vocabulary and useful expressions in this episode of…...Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Voice Message from Christian Avila from Mexico City
XI like too muchX - I like it very much
Xwonderful work that you have been doneX - have been doing all this time

Winner of our history quiz from episode 153 is francisco espínola from Ubeda (who suggested the podcast topic - obviously a history buff!)

Hi guys! thank you very much for having my suggestion taken into account, I´m delighted!.
Answering the quiz:
1. Name the UK’s first ever female Prime Minister. – Margaret Thatcher
2. Which British monarch ruled the longest period of time? – Elizabeth II (current Queen)
3. Which British king was given the nickname of “the mad king”? King George III of Great-Britain (1738-1820)
4. Who were the “Roundheads” and “Cavaliers”? -During the civil war:Roundheads=parliamentarians ; Cavaliers=Royalists
5. When was the Battle of Hastings?- 14 October 1066
6. Which famous British sailor defeated the Spanish Armada? – Francis Drake

Well, I could answer 1, 2, 5 and 6 by heart….3 and 4 by wikipedia ;)
If there are more AIRCoholics interested in History, I recommend the Terry Deary´s collection “Horrible Histories” (box of books): Twenty books of British history from the stone age to the second world war, written in a funny and amusing way.
( https://www.amazon.es/Terry-Deary/e/B001ITTQZW/ref=sr_ntt_srch_lnk_3?qid=1494924246&sr=8-3  )

By the way, Reza: the word you were struggling to say was: MUJERIEGO (womanizer)
Thank you again, a big hug!

Hi to Raquel Gonzalez Herrero from Valencia who also got the questions right, except question 2. She said Queen Victoria, but the current monarch surpassed Queen Victoria in 2015.

We recommend Hardcore History - Dan Carlin: http://www.dancarlin.com/hardcore-history-series/ 

Voice message from Elsie from Bolivia - Hello!

iTunes reviews and 5 stars: Extremadamente didáctico, temáticamente variado y muy, muy entretenido. El mejor en su especie (the best of the bunch!).
by ArnauGrillo from Spain

Thank you! This is the best podcast I ever found. Good work! It's very helpful. I found you three weeks ago and now I'm addicted.
by Aldroper from Spain

Voice Message from Paco from Badajoz with an idea for a topic - Holidays and travel

Holidays and Travel

Air Travel Vocabulary episode 108 - (http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/06/19/air-travel-vocabulary-airc108/ )

Revision
To go on a trip, to go/get away, to take a break for a few days
Airfare (bus fare, train fare, taxi fare etc)
To check in (aisle seat/window seat) – Fly – flight (domestic/international – short/long haul)
fly–flew–flown (to fly – verb / fly–noun = mosca/bragueta) “I have an open flight” – vuelo abierto)
Red-eye flight – early morning/night flight
Boarding pass - On board - a bordo, embarcar
Economy/Business/First class
Upgrade (subir de categoría)
Gate - puerta de embarque (actually means verja, reja, barrera - something you might find in a field or a garden)
Luggage/baggage allowance
Excess baggage
Hand luggage (carry-on)
To take off – to land / a take-off – a landing
Cabin crew – steward(ess) / air hostess / flight attendant
Runway - pista (de aterrizaje)
To taxi “The plane is taxiing before take-off”
To cruise “We are now cruising at 20,000 feet”
Jet lag - fatigue caused by plane travel
Baggage reclaim
Baggage carousel
Lost luggage

More vocabulary
Vacation (US) = holiday (UK) (on vacation/holiday)
peak/off peak - crowded
Sightseeing - to see the sights
scenery/landscape
Tour - package tour, tour guide
excursion - to go on an excursion

Places to stay
Hotel - to make a reservation/booking - full board/half board
Boutique hotel/Luxury hotel/ 5-star hotel/ 3-star hotel/budget hotel = low-cost hotel
B&B = Bed & Breakfast

https://www.airbnb.es/ 

Couchsurfing - https://www.couchsurfing.com/ 

Self-catering = you cook your own food
Guesthouse
Youth hostel
Caravan - motorhome - RV in American English (recreational vehicle)
to go caravaning
to tow a caravan
Tent - campsite - camping
Camping - to go camping in a campsite

Types of holiday
Beach
Snow
Trekking - adventure holidays
City break
Cruise
Long weekends
Sightseeing
A “dirty weekend”
Backpacking (backpack/rucksack)
Hitchhiking - to hitchhike = to thumb a lift

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Are you going on holiday this year? We'd love to hear about your plans.
What was your best (or worst) holiday?

Send us a voice message and tell us about your experience. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

We want to thank Arminda from Madrid for continuing to transcribe full transcriptions.
There are now full transcriptions for episodes 131, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139 and 140.

Thank you also to Alberto Gómez from Granada who has kindly transcribed episode 132 on Linking sounds

If you would like all of our episodes transcribed, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 
If you are a sponsor and have a job interview in English soon, there’s a free pdf and mp3 of our How To Pass a Job Interview e-book on the Patreon page

Our lovely sponsors are:

Nikolay Dimitrov
Ana Cherta
Pedro Martinez
Maite Palacín Pérez
Lara Arlem
Maria Gervatti
Sara Jarabo
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Corey Fineran
Mariel Riedemann
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Manuel Tarazona
Agus Paolucci (new sponsor)
Manuel Velázquez (new sponsor)
Néstor García Mañes (new sponsor) - How to Pass a Job Interview mp3 and pdf- https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast  if you want to join our sponsors

On next week's episode: Marcelo’s True English Story and Adjective Prefixes

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

 

 

 

 

 

Direct download: AIRC156_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 8:13pm CEST

What’s the difference between straw and hay? Cattle and poultry? To sow and to plough? You’ll learn some farming and agriculture vocabulary in this episode of Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig.

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Voice message from Tania from Ukraine living in Spain ("Thank you a million")

What is the fastest and easiest way to learn vocabulary?
Read!
Apps or notebook Memrise (flashcards) - Website: http://www.memrise.com/ 
Write words on Post-it notes and stick them around your flat or office
Duolingo - Website: http://www.duolingo.com/Duolingo 
(iOS /Android)
Use mnemonics (memory tricks) - ‘rathaus’
Research show that it's better to write down vocabulary and other information by hand rather than digitally.

Voice message from Juan from Argentina who’s in Australia

Farming and Agriculture

Barn - a farm building (granero) - Were you born in a barn? - Close the door! Have you ever been to a barn dance?
Cattle - animals like cows and oxen (buey) used for meat or milk
Poultry - chickens and turkeys, etc.
Livestock (ganado)
Dairy = made from milk - vaquería (farm), lechería (store, shop), dairy product (producto lacteo)
Crops - (cosecha, cultivo) We had a bad corn crop this year. Maize is an important crop. (sweetcorn, corn on the cob)
Crop rotation - The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil.
Harvest - (cosecha, cosechar)
‘A bumper harvest’ = a very good harvest
Vintage - Cosecha de vino
To pick - (escoger, coger) pick flowers, fruit, grapes. You can pick grapes from a vine whick grows in a vinyard.
Drought - sequía - Did you know that Spain imported water by ship in 2008?
Drought in Spain’s northeastern region of Catalonia grew so severe in 2008 that Barcelona began importing water by ship from France.
Soil (tierra) erosion
Fertile land (producing crops)
Fertilize (fertilizar) - fertilizer (fertilizante)
Irrigation (irrigacíon, reigo)
Orchard (fruit trees) an apple orchard, a cherry orchard
ripe - maduro
Pesticide (chemicals that you spray on crops)
Hay - heno (dried grass)
Hay bale/bale of hay - paca de heno
Straw - paja
To plough - arar
To plant (plantar, sembrar) - to sow seeds
To sow - sembrar. “To sow the seeds of...doubt (duda)/unrest (inquietud)”
To reap - segar/cosechar. “To reap the rewards”= to benefit from good work/planning
"You reap what you sow"

Idioms

to farm something out - to send work to someone to be done away from one's normal place of business; to subcontract work. “We farmed the podcasting editing out.”

a funny farm – a hospital for people who are mentally ill
Example: My grandmother had to send my uncle to the funny farm when she couldn’t take care of him at home anymore.
Note (¡OJO!): This is a humorous or funny expression, but could be considered rude by some people.

I’m so hungry I could eat a horse – to be very hungry

until the cows come home – for a very long time
I could record podcasts until the cows come home!

the last (final) straw – the last of a series of events/annoyances/disappointments that lead a person to losing his or her patience/temper/hope
“He’s been late a few times, but this is the last straw!” “Yesterday my neighbours were partying until 3pm. This was the last straw. I called the police.
From the proverb: “It is the last straw that breaks the camel's back”

spring chicken – a young person
I’m no spring chicken!

to make hay while the sun shines – (hay = heno) to take the opportunity to do something when the time and conditions are right - Work was going really well, so I decided to make hay while the sun shines and keep working for another 3 hours.

don’t put all your eggs in one basket – don’t make everything dependent on one thing (same in Spanish)

to reap what you sow – every action has a consequence; what you do comes back to you one way or another. If you treat your friends badly, you won’t have any friends. ‘What goes around comes around)
This expression is usually used in a negative sense. (reap = cosechar “to reap the benefits of a situation = see the fruit)

to take the bull by the horns – to be brave and confront difficult situations
If you’re unhappy in your job, perhaps you take the bull by the horns and leave your company.

Discussion

Have you ever worked on a farm or picked fruit?
Have you ever driven a tractor?
Would you like to see more organic farming? Why (not)?
Are you worried about too much intensive farming?

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Are there any farms in your area? Have you ever worked on a farm like Juan?
Do you share Reza’s profound dislike and mistrust of GM (Genetically Modified) food?

Send us a voice message and tell us about your experience. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast 

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed show notes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 

Our lovely sponsors are:

Nikolay Dimitrov
Ana Cherta
Pedro Martinez
Maite Palacín Pérez
Lara Arlem
Maria Gervatti
Sara Jarabo
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Corey Fineran
Mariel Riedemann
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Manuel Tarazona
Agus Paolucci (new sponsor)
Manuel Velázquez (new sponsor)
Néstor García Mañes (new sponsor)

We want to thank Arminda from Madrid for continuing to transcribe full transcriptions.
There are now full transcriptions for episodes 131, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139 and 140.

Thank you also to Alberto Gómez from Granada who has kindly transcribed episode 132 on Linking sounds

If you would like all of our episodes transcribed, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast

If you are a sponsor and have a job interview in English soon, there’s a free pdf and mp3 of our How To Pass a Job Interview e-book on the Patreon page
https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 

Las notas del episodio y más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles están en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Shownotes and more podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Direct download: AIRC155_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 3:12pm CEST