Aprende ingles con La Mansión del Inglés-Learn English Free
Lecciones para aprender y mejorar tú inglés. English lessons to improve your grammar, vocabulary and listening skills.

Puedes contestar las preguntas de comprensión y obtener ayuda con el vocabulario difícil en esta entrevista en inglespodcast.com   

You can answer listening comprehension questions and get help with difficult vocabulary in this interview at inglespodcast.com 

 

Vocabulary

urge = deseo, impulso
stipend = beca
funky (bars) = de moda, en la onda
it rings a bell = it seems familiar
(insurance) policy = póliza
to set up = instalar, montar
to struggle (to have difficulty) = costar
risky = arriesgado/a
to own = poseer, ser dueño de
to put (something) off = posponer
to go all in = echar el resto, ir con todo, apostar todo
overlap = coincidencia
to outsource = subcontratar
to scale = modificar la escala
deadline = fecha tope, fecha límite
to procrastinate = posponer, dejar para después
to run into someone = tropezarse con, encontrarse con 

Direct download: JackInterview_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 5:21pm CET

In this episode we're going to help you improve your pronunciation with linking sounds. How words join together in connected speech - because WE DO NOT SPEAK LIKE ROBOTS DO WE?

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


Audio message from Jose from Mexico.

Audio message from Mamen: doubt and hesitate

Doubt
I doubt if we can help her. Why are you hesitating?
Doubt = dudar “I doubt if we’ll be making a special Christmas podcast this year.”
“I doubt that I’ll be eating turkey on Christmas day.”
“Did you have doubts about the consistency of this podcast when we first started?”


To doubt means to lack confidence in something; to disbelieve, question, or suspect.
To hesitate means to stop or pause before making a decision or doing something.
(dudar , vacilar)

Expressions with doubt
there is some doubt about it = sobre esto existen dudas
beyond doubt = fuera de duda
beyond all reasonable doubt = más allá de toda duda
to cast doubt on = poner en duda
to clear up sb's doubts = sacar a algn de dudas
to have one's doubts about sth = tener sus dudas acerca de algo
no doubt! = ¡sin duda!
to throw doubt on = poner en duda
without (a) doubt = sin duda (alguna)

to hesitate to do sth = dudar en hacer algo
“When I did a bungy jump, I hesitated before I jumped, but I had no doubt it was safe.”
Don’t hesitate to contact us, send Reza an email.
Don't hesitate to ask us = no vaciles en pedírnoslo, no dejes de pedírnoslo
To hesitate before doing sth = dudar antes de hacer algo
What do you hesitate before doing?

Connected speech. Why do native English speakers connect their speech? We try to say the most we can in the shortest possible time.

English is a stress-timed language. Spanish is a syllable-timed language.

1 - 2 - 3 - 4
1 and 2 and 3 and 4
1 and a 2 and a 3 and a 4
1 and then a 2 and then a 3 and then a 4

CATS CHASE MICE
the CATS CHASE MICE
the CATS CHASE the MICE
the cats will CHASE the MICE
the CATS will have CHASED the MICE

"here and there" Do you pronounce the 'r' at the end of 'here'
"more examples"
"A doctor or a lawyer"
"We never ever thought we'd love podcasting"
"The biscuits are in the cupboard"
“This is a better episode than last week’s.”

Does the first word have to end in an ‘r’ sound, and the second begin with a vowel sound (like better and episode)?

law and order (‘r’ sound)
Pasta and cheese (‘r’ sound)

Go away (‘w’ sound)
No, I can’t (‘w’ sound)

She isn’t there (‘y’ sound)
Tea and biscuits (‘y’ sound)


Consonant + vowel sound (link the sounds together when a consonant is followed by a vowel)
I need it = I needit
Say a word = saya word
Read a text = reada text

Consonant + consonant (if the consonant is the same sound, just pronounce it once)
Big girl = bigirl
Best teacher = besteacher
Good day = gooday (or G’day if you’re Australian!)
Take the fast train = fastrain

I needto stopeating chocolate = I need to stop eating chocolate.
Playa songon ya violin = Play a song on your violin.
Are ya gonna sitdown or standup? = Are you going to sit down or stand up?


Other examples - dictation:

Wacha gonna do? = What are you going to do?

I’ve gotta geta lotavit = I’ve got to get a lot of it

She can’tavarrivedearly = She can’t have arrived early

Sendusanemail = send us an email

I’ve never bininafrica = I’ve never been in Africa ('Nicola's been in Benin, Africa')

Wadaya do? = What do you do? (for a living)

Pickitupoff the floor = pick it up off the floor

He mustav eatenitall = He must have eaten it all


A similar thing happens in Spanish also - cortado, cuñado, pringado

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast 


Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.


If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 
Our lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran
Manuel García Betegón
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona
Mariel Riedemann


On next week's episode: Adverbial clauses, linkers and conjunctions

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Direct download: AIRC132_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 11:14am CET

In this episode we're going to talk about ghosts and the supernatural an idea from Liliana from Colombia who sent us this voice message


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Feedback: Bruno Schvidah from Brazil
My name is Bruno and I am from Brazil but recently living in Copenhagen!
My weak side has been "adverbial clauses and linkers" I would really like to go through that!
For now, I wish you all a great Friday!
All the best, Bruno

Episode 32
Although / even though / despite / in spite of - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2014/10/09/im-just-a-poor-english-teacher-im-happy-though-airc32/ 

Episode 55
but, even though/although, however, in spite of/despite - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2015/06/14/linking-words-but-even-thoughalthough-however-in-spite-ofdespite-etc-shopping-expressions-airc55/ 

Go and listen to those two episodes, Bruno and if there are linking words, conjunctions that we did not mention, please tell us and we will talk about them in a future episode of Aprender Inglés con Reza y Craig.

Audio Feedback from Roberto from Mexico.
How do you believe that the place where you learn a language affects the way you speak?
A student from Argentina who learned from a teacher from the US and then came to Spain speaks with an American accent.
Friends from the UK who have learned Spanish in Argentina, Mexico and Peru speak very differently to the way I do.

Liliana also sent us an email. Comment by Lili Corne from Colombia, Cali
Hello , the podcast was fantastic today, I would like to talk some day about ghosts, for example, Do you believe in ghosts? I have an experience about that!

Vocabulary

Ghost, ghastly, phantom - fantasma
To haunt - encantar - a haunted house
Spooky - espeluznante
Words for the devil - el diablo: lucifer, the beast, Satan, 666, beelzebub, The Prince of Darkness
Evil - mal, vil
Curse - una maldición
Demons and angels
To terrify - aterrorizar a , terrifying - espantoso/a “I was terrified” / “It was a terrifying experience”
To scare - asustar, aterrorizar, scary
Fear (noun) - niedo, to fear - temer
To be afraid(adj.) - tener miedo
Fright (noun) - susto - I caught/had a fright
Frighten (verb) - asustar a
Frightening (adj.)
Frightful (adj.) a frightful shock
To scream - gritar (a blood curdling/spine chilling scream)
To howl (like a werewolf) gritar, aullar
The afterlife, life after death - el más allá, ultratumba
Coffin - ataúd
To bury - enterrar
Cemetery - cementerio
Grave - tumba, gravestone - lápida mortuoria
Gruesome - repelente - “a gruesome killing”
Eerie - inquietante, escalofriante - an eerie silence
Witch - bruja - broomstick - palo de escoba , to cackle - reírse a carcajadas, to cast a spell - embrujar , witchcraft/sorcery - brujería, wand - varita
fairies - las hadas
wizard - mago, hechicero
Zombie


Discussion

Afterlife - What happens to a person’s soul or spirit after they die (to die, death, he died or passed away)

Astral projection - the process whereby our etheric body, spirit or mind separates from the physical body, while maintaining a level of consciousnes (out of body experiences).

Channeling - Uses communication with the paranormal through a state of trance.

Dowsing - To be able to find underground water and/or underground minerals

Ley lines - hypothetical alignments of a number of places of geographical interest, such as ancient monuments and megaliths.

ESP - Extrasensory perception (ESP) is the knowledge of external objects or events. A sixth sense beyond the five man already uses. Animals seem to have it.
What are the 5 senses? (hearing, sight, touch, smell, and taste)

Past Life Recall - To remember or have mental flashes about living in another lifetime.

Reincarnation -The belief that a person's soul will, following bodily death, inhabit a new body in a long cycle of rebirths.

Telepathy - To know what others are thinking as if to hear thoughts in your head. Thought transference including the sending and receiving of thoughts.

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you believe in life after death? Do you have any supernatural stories or experiences to share with us? Maybe you know someone who has had a supernatural experience. Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 


Our lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Manuel García Betegón
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona
Mariel Riedemann

 

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


On next week's episode: Pronunciation | Linking sounds in Connected Speech

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

Direct download: AIRC131_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 9:06pm CET

In this episode we're going to help you improve your marketing vocabulary

Audio feedback from Maria Jose from Cordoba
Sign up to our email list and we'll tell you when you can join our free conversation practice. http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


Listener Feedback: Maite
Hi Craig!
First of all I have to say that your English podcasts are by far the best. I've never seen such magnificent podcasts.
Well, I'd like you to teach me vocabulary about marketing issues because I'm doing a degree in marketing and market research and I want to get more vocabulary skills.
That's all folks!
Thanks in advance for being as you are.
Maite

"Marketing is the study and management of exchange relationships." - wikipedia

Does marketing have good or bad connotations?

Marketing is activities of a company associated with buying and selling a product or service.
People who work in marketing try to get the attention of target audiences by using slogans, packaging design, celebrity endorsements and general media exposure.

Marketing is everything a company does to acquire customers and maintain a relationship with them. Is this necessarily a bad thing?

Even the small tasks like writing thank-you letters, returning phone calls and emails promptly and meeting with a past client for coffee can be thought of as marketing.

The ultimate goal of marketing is to match a company's products and services to the people who need and want them, thereby ensuring profitability.

Vocabulary

brand / make / label
consumer
distribution - delivering the product to the customer
end-user - the person, customer who is the ultimate (and so real) user of a product
launch - lanzar
E-commerce – buying and selling of products or services over the Internet.
E-marketing – Promotion of products and services over the Internet
market research
Market niche – Small but profitable segment (segmento) of a market in which a company is a specialist
market share
Inbound Marketing - marketing activities that draw visitors in, rather than marketers having to go out to get prospects' attention.
packaging
Engagement Rate - A popular social media metric used to describe the amount of interaction (likes, shares, comments etc.) a piece of content receives. Interactions like these tell you that your messages are resonating with your fans and followers.
keywords - the topics that webpages get indexed for in search results by engines like Google
Product range/line – products of a particular type manufactured and/or sold by a company
Product positioning – consumer perception of a product as compared to it’s competition.

Product placement – a form of advertisement, when a company pays for a product to be seen in films and TV programs.
Corporate image – The way society views a company.
trademark - special symbol, design, word etc used to represent a product or firm
sponsor
Lead - A person or company who's shown interest in a product or service in some way, shape, or form. Perhaps they filled out a form, subscribed to a blog, or shared their contact information in exchange for something.
Landing Page - A landing page is a website page containing a form that is used for lead generation.
Conversion Rate - The percentage of people who completed a desired action on a single web page, such as filling out a form. Pages with high conversion rates are performing well, while pages with low conversion rates are performing poorly.
Bounce Rate - The percentage of people who land on a page on your website and then leave without clicking on anything else or navigating to any other pages on your site. (to bounce = rebotar)

Marketing Acronyms

ROI - Return on Investment - The formula for ROI is: Gain from Investment minus Cost of Investment

SEO - Search Engine Optimization - The practice of enhancing where a webpage appears in search results.

LTV - Lifetime Value - A prediction of the net profit attributed to the entire future relationship with a customer.

CAC - Customer Acquisition Cost - Your total Sales and Marketing cost.

CTR - Clickthrough Rate - The percentage of your audience that advances (or clicks through) from one part of your website to the next step of your marketing campaign.

CTA - Call-to-Action - a text link, button, image, or some type of web link that encourages a website visitor to visit a landing page and become of lead. Some examples of CTAs are “Subscribe Now” or “Download this PDF document Today.”

B2C (Business-to-Consumer) - sells to consumers (Amazon, Apple)

B2B (Business-to-Business) - sells to other businesses (google)

API - Application Programming Interface - a series of rules in computer programming, which allow an application to extract information from a service and use that information
either in their own application or in data analyses.
It's kind of like a phone for applications to have conversations. Example: The inglespodcast app in itunes and Android.


Questions
What's the most annoying thing that marketers do in order to sell you stuff?

Which, if any, of these advertising methods would you take notice of:
website banners
email spam
phone calls - telemarketing
street advertising
TV/radio commercials
fliers on you car, in your postbox
newspaper/magazine ads
word of mouth
pre-roll ads on YouTube
podcast ads

Why do you think marketing has become so much more important in recent years?

Reza strongly objects to any public money being spent by councils or government on advertisements merely reminding you how good they (supposedly) are. What are your feelings on this?

Is sponsorship of major events really necessary, or just purely self-interested marketing for the sponsor?


Rory Sutherland: Life lessons from an ad man: https://www.ted.com/talks/rory_sutherland_life_lessons_from_an_ad_man 

Joan Boluda - Marketing online https://boluda.com/ 

Jason Van Orden and Jeremy Frandsen http://www.internetbusinessmastery.com/ 

Online Marketing Made Easy - Amy Porterfield http://www.amyporterfield.com/category/podcast/ 

Pat Flynn - Smart Passive Income http://www.smartpassiveincome.com/ 

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode? What annoys you most about marketing?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast 


Nuestra tienda de descargas: http://store.mansioningles.net/ 


Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.


If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/

 


Our lovely sponsors are:


Lara Arlem
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Manuel García Betegón
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona


On next week's episode we're going to speak about ghosts and the
supernatural. Please send us your ghost stories and any supernatural experiences you've had (Jose’s Vampire story Episode 96 http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/03/28/nature-and-the-environment-airc96/ 

 


The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

 

Direct download: AIRC130_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 3:39pm CET

Andrew Walkely and I worked at the same language school in Valancia when Andrew was living here with his family a few years ago.
But he left Valencia and we lost touch with each other, as people do, so I was really pleased to meet up with him at a teaching conference in the Uk this year.
We had lunch together during the conference and he told me about an exciting new project he's
started in London so I wanted to bring him on the podcast to speak about it.

Don't forget that you can improve your listening with comprehension questions and find some help with difficult words from this interview at inglespodcast.com/andrew 

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 


Vocabulary
freelance - independiente, autónomo/a
to set up (a company)
rolayties
bizzare
joint venture - empresa conjunta
redevelopment - remodelación, reurbanización
council estate - un barrio de viviendas de alquiler subvencionadas por el ayuntamiento.


Outcomes: Real English for the real world by Andrew Walkley and Hugh dellar: http://ngl.cengage.com/search/productOverview.do?N=4294918556+200&Ntk=P_EPI&Ntt=174246954616375171057465195942078708486&Ntx=mode%2Bmatchallpartial 

Lexical lab: http://www.lexicallab.com/  
London Language Lab: http://www.londonlanguagelab.com/ 


Many thanks to Andrew for coming on the podcast. I'm sure you join me in wishing him every success with London Language Lab teaching centre at http://www.londonlanguagelab.com/ All links, as usual, can be found at
inglespodcast.com along with more podcasts to improve your English and take it to the next level
Thank you to you for listening to this Mansion Interview. Remember, you can study English free at mansioningles.com

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Direct download: Andrew_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 9:59am CET

In this episode we're going to help you with your time clauses

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Feedback: Email from Rafael alba garcia
I've just listened to the new podcast and I found it very interesting with these nine words in Spanish. Episode 127: http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/10/30/9-spanish-words-we-need-in-english-airc127/  
Muy bien descritas esas nueve palabras, pero con la explicación de «ya», en mi opinión Reza no ha estado del todo (a bit) exacto, porque cuando en español se hace una pregunta, (por ejemplo).... ¿quieres un vaso de agua? o ¿tu eres Craig?, los españoles no solemos contestar «ya».....otra cosa es que yo diga....¡Tú eres Craig!, (afirmación), entonces Craig puede contestar, ya, (ya lo sé)

Audio Feedback: Ivan from Valencia

We spoke about time clauses with the present perfect in Episode 18 ( http://www.inglespodcast.com/2014/03/24/present-perfect-fig-rolls-with-special-guest-bea-airc18/ ) Specifically STILL / ALREADY / JUST / YET / SO FAR (often used with the present perfect)
AGO / LAST WEEK, MONTH / YESTERDAY / IN 2006 (Often used with the past simple)

More time expressions

AFTER - I made coffee after Reza arrived. / After Reza arrived, I made coffee.
I'll have a shower after you.
What are you doing after we finish recording?

More uses of after:
expressions
day after day - día tras día. What are the same mistakes you keep correcting in your classes day after day.
one after the other - uno tras otro. I can’t stop eating chocolates. Once I start, I eat them one after the other.
one excuse after another - excusas y más excusas. When I ask my students for hand in their writing homework I get a load odd excuses, one after the other.
after you! - ¡pase usted!, ¡usted primero!

behind
close the door after you - cierra la puerta al salir or cuando salgas
I'm tired of cleaning up after you - estoy cansado de ir detrás de ti limpiándolo todo

Looking for
She's after a husband - Va en pos de un marido
They're all after the same thing - Todos van a por lo mismo
What is he after? - ¿Qué pretende?
I see what you're after - Ya caigo, ya comprendo lo que quieres decir; (hostile) ya te he calado

in view of - después de
After all I've done for you - Después de / Con todo lo que he hecho por ti
He can't go back after what he's done - Después de lo que ha hecho no puede volver

BEFORE - we had lunch before we started recording. We taught classes before we had lunch.

Different uses of before

anteriormente
Have you been here before? - ¿Habías estado aquí anteriormente?

rather than
I would die before I would criticize her. - Moriría antes de criticarla.

in front of
He stood before the crowd and raised his arms. - Él se paró ante la multitud y levantó los brazos.
I stood before my students and made a fool of myself.

por delante
She has her whole career before her. - Ella tiene toda una carrera por delante

antes que
Personally, I'd eat pizza before caviar or truffles. - Personalmente, prefiero comer pizza antes que caviar o trufas.
I’d prefer to eat chocolate before food.

ante
They performed an open-air concert before a huge audience. - Dieron un concierto al aire libre ante un numeroso público.

WHEN (cuando) - I was making coffee when Reza arrived.

WHILE (mientras) - I was making coffee while Reza was testing the microphone. (during the time that)

While/When Reza was living in Salamanca, he met Patricia.

BY THE TIME - What do you hope to have done by the time you’ve retired? (future perfect)
By the time we get to the station the train will have gone!

AS SOON AS - (tan pronto como) I will pay for your ticket as soon as you make the reservation. - Tan pronto como hagan la reserva pagaré la factura.
As soon as this podcast is published it goes to iTunes and all the other podcast applications.

ASAP (AS SOON AS POSSIBLE) Lo antes posible. We must record some more podcasts as soon as possible!
I’ll let you know as soon as possible.


Would you like to join us for fluency practice with me once a week? Sign up to our inglespodcast newsletter for details.

IN THE END (al fin y al cabo, al final) We had some technical problems with the podcast today, but we recorded all of it in the end.


AT THE END (al final - at the final stages of something, at the point when something finishes) What happened at the end of the film?
The toilet is at the end of the hall.

AT LAST (al fin, por fin) - we managed to meet this. Week, at last. Finally!

DURING (durante) How many times have I hit the pause button during this podcast?

I've been living in Valencia FOR 15 years.

during the war
during my childhood
during the podcast
during the lesson
during the revolution etc.

for a year
for a few minutes
for a while
for a couple of weeks
for ages etc.

EVER (alguna vez) / NEVER (nunca) Have you ever been to Florence?
Craig’s never been to Florence.

"Reza has never eaten crocodile meat" or "Reza hasn't ever eaten crocodile meat."


...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast 


Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.


If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 
Our lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Manuel García Betegón
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona

On next week's episode: Marketing and market research (In episode 131 we're going to speak about ghosts and the supernatural. Please send us your ghost stories and any supernatural experiences you’ve had (Jose’s Vampire story Episode 96 - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/03/28/nature-and-the-environment-airc96/ 

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later' and from Kevin MacLeod from incompetech.com

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Direct download: AIRC129_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 8:38pm CET

 

In this episode we're going to help you understand and use vague language. What are you doing later this evening? - I’ve got to sort out some stuff at home. (What stuff?)


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Listener Feedback: A question from Vanessa in my FCE class: What is the difference between "even though" and "even so"? When do you use the first and when do you use the second?

EVEN THOUGH = aunque, a pesar de que - "I decided to walk to the library even though it was raining." / "Decidí caminar hasta la biblioteca aunque estaba lloviendo."

EVEN SO = aun así - "I know you don't like vegetables, darling. Even so, you must eat them." / "Ya sé que no te gustan las verduras cariño. Pero aun así te las tienes que comer."

Vague language - not distinct (vago/a)

Sometimes vague language is bad:
How much does this cost? - Around 15 quid, more or less.
Legal contracts and documents, for example, shouldn’t be vague.
When we speak though, we often use vague language.

What did you do yesterday morning?

I took the number 19 bus into the centre of Valencia and bought a pair of blue shoes and a beige pair of shorts in El Corte Inglés. Then I met Michelle for coffee in Starbucks at 12.30.

I went into town to get a few things and then I met a friend for coffee. (more natural)

Vague language
STUFF - There’s so much stuff in my bag. / Clean all that stuff off the floor. (stuff is uncountable: “A lot of stuff” / “Lots of stuff.” / “Much stuff” / “Loads of stuff.”
What’s that stuff you use to make your hair soft?
THINGS - Pass me that thing/thingy on the table. / Don’t forget to take all those things with you when you go.

Are you going to that thing this weekend?
Have you got a lot of stuff to do tonight? (I've got a few bits and bobs/bits and pieces/odds and sods to do)

Vague language for numbers and quantities
Loads of
A few
A couple
Lots of
...ish
More or less

How many emails do you think I got yesterday in the Mansión Inglés and Inglespodcast email accounts?
I got 117 emails yesterday - I got loads of emails yesterday.

Reza had 5 biscuits with his tea. - Reza had a few biscuits with his tea.

Vague language to make a list shorter
…..and that kind/sort of thing
….and so on
…..etcetera (etc)
….and things like that
….or something
….or something like that

What do you like to do at weekends? - Sleep in ‘till late. go to the beach, meet up with friends, listen to podcasts, read, drink beer and watch TV series. - You know, sleep in drink beer with friends, that kind of thing. (Don’t give EVERY DETAIL)

What kind of food do you eat when you’re home in Belfast?
Meat, potatoes, stew and things like that.

He’s got a flash new sports car; a Jaguar or BMW or something.

Vague language to be indirect
Do you want to go back to that French restaurant?
Not really, it’s expensive. (direct)
Not really, it’s kind of expensive. / Not really, it’s a bit expensive. (more indirect)

What do you think of Tom?
He sort of annoys me sometimes. (‘sort of’ makes the criticism softer)

I kind of don’t really feel like going out tonight. (indirect) = I want to stay in! (direct)

about/around

Let’s meet at 11 to record the podcasts. (direct)
Let’s meet about/around 11 to record the podcasts. (indirect)

Can you get here at 11?
Can you get here around 11? (Using rising intonation also makes this more indirect, softer and polite - less like an order)

Approximately / roughly
Approximately - I can do this for you for approximately 250 euros.
Roughly - There’s roughly 16 in the class.

Vague language when you’ve forgotten a name or a word.
Thingy - Pass me that thingy on the table.
Whatsit / What’s it called - Where's the whatsit that you change channels with?
You'd better tell whatsit - what's his name - the guy in charge of the conference.
Thingamajig - Take out the plastic thingamajig and then put the batteries in.
What’s it called? / What do you call it? - I need to open this bottle of wine, but I haven’t got a ….what’s is called?...the thing you open bottles with…....ahh! a corkscrew!
Whatshisname / whatshername / whatshisface / whatsherface (What is her face?) - I got an email from er...whatshisname? Er..y’know, that bloke from Madrid this morning. (not used in written English and N OT used in person to someone’s face! XHey, you, whatsyourface, can you pass the wine?X

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast
Our lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Manuel García Betegón
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona

On next week's episode: Time clauses (a question from Ivan from Valencia)

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'


Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Direct download: AIRC128_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 7:54pm CET

 

In this episode we look at 9 words that don't have direct translations in English.

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

 

Listener Feedback: Javier from Tolasa
What's the difference between 'life expectation' and 'life expectancy' (and also 'life span')?

Life expectancy usually refers to the amount of years left in one's life based on the person's current age.
Life span refers to the average total duration of a lifetime within specific groups

9 Spanish Words We Need in English

1.GUIRI: a foreigner, usually a tourist, who happens to be in Spain and stands out as being pretty obviously not a local. (GRINGO in Central/South America)

En España los guiris hacen más ruido que los españoles. SAYS WHO? I COMPLETELY DISAGREE!

Do you wear sandals and socks? Walk on the sunny side of the street in August?
“Only mad dogs and Englishmen go out in the midday sun!”

2. ESTRENAR: to wear or use something for the first time.

Wear for the first time
Make a debut in a job or in a new post or position
(Films in the cinema) Premiere, release a film, to perform for the first time.

3. ESPABILAR - To liven up, to hurry up, to get one's act together, to wake up, to get a move on, move yourself!
¡Espabila o el banco estará cerrado! - Get your arse in gear or the bank will be closed!

4. CACHONDEO - Messing and joking around
cachondearse = laugh at, (slang - take the mickey), (formal - to mock, ridicule) - “No te enfades, que estoy de cachondeo, no lo digo en serio.”
(falta de seriedad) - a joke a laugh “Esto es un cachondeo, aquí nadie hace lo que debe hacer.”

5. AUTÓNOMO - A registered self-employed person, independent, self-sufficient. The word also refers to freelancers and contractors.
“Es una mujer autónoma que vive independiente.” - She's a self-sufficient woman who lives independently.

 

6. PAGAFANTAS - 'Fanta buyer', it usually refers to guys who buy drinks for girls and treat them nicely, but never actually get anywhere in the relationship. (a mug, chump)
eg. Reza, quite often

7. FUNCIONARIO - clerk, civil servant, official (oposiciones)
“La ambición de mi primo es ser funcionario.”

8. ALTA/BAJA (These words have multiple meanings) - sign on/off the dole (el paro) or social security or many other things, register/unregister (something), statement of fitness for work/sick line
DAR DE ALTA: to be discharged from hospital / to join an organization, to register
DAR DE BAJA: to unsubscribe

9. YA (Reza both loves and hates this word in equal measure because its shortness can be very useful or very sarcastic) - “Yes”, “That’s right”, “Told you (so)”, “I see (what you mean)”, “Stop (talking)”, “Yes, I already know (that)”, “Yes, I’ve already done that”, “About time/At last”, “That’s quite enough”, “Is that it/all?”

Ahora mismo (now): “Quiero que entres en casa ya.” - I want you to go into the house now. / “Ya se acabó” - it's all over now

Anteriormente (already): “La policía ya había detenido al ladrón en dos ocasiones.” - The police had already detained the thief on two occasions.

¡Basta ya! - Stop it already!, Enough already!, Enough!, Knock it off!

ya entiendo - I see
¡ya lo sé! - I know!
ya, pero ... - yes, but ...
¡ya, ya! - yes, yes!, oh, yes!, oh, sure! (irony)
ya, y luego viste un burro volando - ¿no? sure, and pigs might fly! (irony)
esto ya es un robo - this really is robbery

 

GOING FORWARD

As a valued literary stakeholder all are
Welcome to this key verse
In which you can decide how we
Will go forward together into the future.

A future full, so full,
Of a raft of broad-ranging initiatives
In which we must all pool resources
By supporting this latest proposal, going forward.

Due to present unavoidable circumstances
Words must be properly managed
And targeted primarily only to
Those most in need of them.

Should any mistruth occur, per se,
In accordance with best practice
It will be swiftly dealt with
And those responsible will be held accountable.

In terms of teamwork and leadership
Verbal synergy will be the
Benchmark and core competency
In the most encompassing global sense.

In the face of growing misconception
It now only remains for me
To tender my resignation in a
Bid to quell mounting concern that
These lines are not fit for purpose

Reza Shah


...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast 


Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

Audio feedback: Liliana from Colombia wants a podcast about Halloween - next year!

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 
Our 11 lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona
Carlos Garrido
Manuel García Betegón

On next week's episode: Vague Language (sort of, kind of, type of thing)

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Direct download: AIRC127_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 8:37pm CET

Alternative Medicine - AIRC126

In this episode we'll be speaking about alternative medicine (aromatherapy, acupuncture etc.)

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Listener Feedback: Salui
http://www.sobreperrospod.es/ En hora buena Salvi Melguizo y Ana Sánchez por llegar a 100 episodios de Sobre Perros!!
http://fisiosmterapia.com/podcast/

Voice message from Pilar from Madrid

Email from Carlos
"I am trying now to get the Cambridge First Certificate, so I was looking for some audios in the internet in order to train my listening skills when I found your podcasts by chance.

I´d like to tell you that not only are your podcasts really useful to improve my listening and grammar skills, but they are also very funny, I have a good time with them. (I really enjoy them).
Actually, I usually go running twice or three times a week and I do that listening to your episodes. Sometimes you guys make me laugh and people who look at me running and laughing. They probably think that I am absolutely crazy.

Does that happen to you Reza, when you’re reading on the bus or train?

Alternative medicine
Email from Eva Garcia Romo
Hello Craig!
It’s me again! Sorry, but nowadays I teach English in a wellness clinic to therapists, personal trainers and so on, and I really need your help to talk about vocabulary and expressions in this area.
Would it be possible to have something about this in a podcast?
Thanks in advance for your always kind help.
Best regards
Eva

Wikipedia: "Alternative medicine is any practice that is put forward as (presented as) having the healing effects of medicine,
but does not originate from evidence gathered using the scientific method. Nor is it part of biomedicine, nor contradicted by scientific evidence or established science."

Examples include new and traditional medicine practices such as homeopathy, naturopathy, chiropractic, energy medicine, various forms of acupuncture, acupressure, traditional Chinese medicine, cupping, Ayurvedic medicine, Sekkotsu, Reiki, Bach flowers remedies, aromatherapy, Alexander technique, crystal healing, Shiatsu, reflexology, chromotherapy/colour therapy and Christian faith healing.

We don’t have time to speak about ALL the difference types, but we’re going to look at four kinds of alternative medicine and see if we believe that they actually work.

We’ll look at HOMEOPATHY, ACUPUNCTURE, AROMATHERAPY and The ALEXANDER TECHNIQUE

Vocab:
To treat (treatment), to treat someone FOR something “I’m being treated for high uric acid.”
Placebo = a fake treatment with no physical/scientific basis for success, often used in clinical trials
(Do/carry out/conduct) research
Scientific studies
Pseudoscience - a claim, belief, or practice presented as scientific, but which does not follow scientific method.
A charlatan = someone who pretends (fingir) to know something that s/he really doesn’t
“Mind over matter” = believing that your thoughts can in themselves produce physical effects
To cash in (on something) = to make money from a popular trend or fad
eg. “The shopkeeper is cashing in on the popularity of crystal healing by starting to sell expensive healing crystals in his shop.”
A practitioner = a person who practices (alternative/conventional) medicine
Conventional medicine = not alternative medicine (eg. radiation chemotherapy)
New Age = the modern equivalent of the hippie/flower power movement

HOMEOPATHY
What is homeopathy?
“Homeopathy is a natural form of medicine used by over 200 million people worldwide to treat both acute and chronic conditions. It is based on the principle of ‘like cures like’. In other words, a substance taken in small amounts will cure the same symptoms it causes if it were taken in large amounts.

The holistic nature of homeopathy means each person is treated as a unique individual and their body, mind, spirit and emotions are all considered in the management and prevention of disease. Taking all these factors into account a homeopath will select the most appropriate medicine based on the individual’s specific symptoms and personal level of health to stimulate their own healing ability.

Homeopathic medicines are safe to use as they rarely cause side-effects. This means when used appropriately under the guidance of a qualified homeopath they can be taken by people of all ages, including babies, children and pregnant or breastfeeding women.” (source: The British Homeopathic Association)

Homeopathy isn’t just taking herbal medicine. Caffeine is prescribed by homeopaths (under the name 'coffea') as a treatment for insomnia.

Wikipedia: Homeopathic preparations are not effective for treating any condition; large-scale studies have found homeopathy to be no more effective than a placebo, suggesting that any positive feelings that follow treatment are only due to the placebo effect and normal recovery from illness.

http://www.quackwatch.com/  - “Your Guide to Quackery, Health Fraud, and Intelligent Decisions”

ACUPUNCTURE
What is Acupuncture?
Acupuncture is a form of alternative medicine and a key component of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) involving thin needles being inserted into the body. TCM theory and practice are not based upon scientific knowledge, and acupuncture is commonly described as pseudoscience. There is a diverse range of acupuncture theories, involving different philosophies. Techniques vary depending on the country. It is most often used for pain relief, though it is also used for a wide range of other conditions. It is generally only used in combination with other forms of treatment.

The conclusions of many trials and numerous systematic reviews of acupuncture are largely inconsistent.
An overview of medical reviews found that acupuncture is not effective for a wide range of conditions. It may be effective for only chemotherapy-induced nausea/vomiting, postoperative nausea/vomiting, and idiopathic headache. It may alleviate certain kinds of pain. Evidence suggests that short-term treatment with acupuncture does not produce long-term benefits. Some research results suggest acupuncture can alleviate pain, though the majority of research suggests that acupuncture's effects are mainly due to placebo.

Craig has tried acupuncture to alleviate a uric acid attack.
Reza has had success with acupuncture to increase his energy levels.

AROMATHERAPY
What is Aromatherapy?
Aromatherapy is the practice of using the natural oils extracted from flowers, bark (corteza), stems (tallos), leaves (hojas), roots (raizes) or other parts of a plant to enhance psychological and physical well-being.

The inhaled aroma from these "essential" oils is widely believed to stimulate brain function. Essential oils can also be absorbed through the skin, where they travel through the bloodstream and can promote whole-body healing. (source: www.aromatherapy.com/ )

There is no good medical evidence that aromatherapy can either prevent or cure any disease, but it might help improve general well-being. (source: Wikipedia)

THE ALEXANDER TECHNIQUE
The Alexander Technique (developed in the 1890’s), named after Frederick Matthias Alexander, is an educational process that develops the ability to realign posture and to avoid unnecessary muscular and mental tension.
Alexander believed the individual's self-awareness (conciencia de sí mismo) could be inaccurate, resulting in unnecessary muscular tension such as when standing or sitting with body weight unevenly distributed, holding one's head incorrectly, walking or running inefficiently, and responding to stressful stimuli in an exaggerated way.
Alexander said that those who habitually "misused" their muscles could not trust their feelings (sensory appreciation) when carrying out activities or responding to situations emotionally.

The effectiveness of the Alexander Technique is uncertain because of insufficient evidence. There is evidence suggesting the Alexander Technique is helpful for long-term back pain, long-term neck pain, and may help people cope with Parkinson's disease, but little evidence that it helps any other medical conditions.

From http://www.alexandertechnique.com/  
"The Alexander technique is a way of learning how you can get rid of harmful tension in your body."
The Alexander Technique is a way to feel better, and move in a more relaxed and comfortable way... the way nature intended.

An Alexander Technique teacher helps you to identify and lose the harmful habits you have built up over a lifetime of stress and learn to move more freely.

The Alexander Technique is for you if you are ready to feel more comfortable in your own body.
The Alexander Technique can also help you if:

You suffer from repetitive strain injury or carpal tunnel syndrome (trapped nerve). (strain = esfuerzo, estrés, esguince, presión, tensión)
You have a backache or stiff neck and shoulders (tortícolis) .
You become uncomfortable when sitting at your computer for long periods of time.
You are a singer, musician, actor, dancer or athlete and feel you are not performing at your full potential.

...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast  
Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 

Our 11 lovely sponsors are:
Lara Arlem
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona
Carlos Garrido
Manuel García Betegón

 

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

On next week's episode: 10 Spanish words we need in English

 

 

 

 

Direct download: AIRC126_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 8:20pm CET

In this episode we look at phrasal verbs with take and get in answer to a voice message from Ivan.

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

Listener Feedback: Manuel Tarazona from Paterna

Hello podcasters, I'm writing a new letter to you while I'm listening (to) the drug episode when I've just finished my holidays. Drugs Episode 118 - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2016/08/28/drugs-and-addiction-airc118/  
I hope you could talk about playing music in a future episode: instruments, amplifiers, speakers.....
I play guitar with my friends and I'm interesting about (interested in) that vocabulary. Thanks you for your podcasts and go on!
A big hug for you from Manuel.
Paterna.
We spoke about music vocabulary in Episode 27 - http://www.inglespodcast.com/2014/07/14/its-cheap-at-half-the-price-airc27/ 


Voice message: Drug episode from anonymous (Messy - desordenado): Drugs and Addiction Episode 118

Ivan Ballester- voice message TAKE and GET phrasal verbs (voice message stops after 90 seconds)
Here are some of the more common uses of TAKE and GET as phrasal verbs:

TAKE

Take off (clothes) Doctor: “Take your shirt off, please.” "Please take off your shoes before you go inside."
(despegar) "What time does your plane take off?"
Take off (a person, to impersonate) “Can you take off Donald Trump?”
(when a business or career is successful) "Our podcast has really taken off this year."
(to leave) "What time are you taking off today?", (take time off) "I'm taking a couple of days off work."

Take up (accept an offer) “Not many students wanted to take up the offer of free classes at 7 o’clock in the morning.”
(occupy) “Craig’s Mickey Mouse memorabilia takes up a lot of space in his bedroom.“ “Podcasting takes up a lot of time.”
(start doing) Take up a hobby

Take on (employ new people): "Our company’s expanding and we’re going to take on more employees." / (engañar) "You were taken on with that car.
It's not worth 4,000 euros." / (challenge/fight/compete against) "Although Goliath was a giant, David took him on and won.” "Who are valencia taking on next week?"

Take over a business (take control). Also a noun "There's been a take over." "When my sister comes to visit she always takes over."
“Who will take over from the current President in the next elections?”

Take out (sacar, to remove from a place) “Craig suspiciously took out a huge bar of dark chocolate from his briefcase.”
(salir con alguien) "I'm taking out a girl from work on Friday. I'm taking her out for dinner."

Take down (to write on paper, to dismantle/remove) "Take this down." = "Write this on paper" / "We're taking down the light in our dining room."

Take back (to return) "This camera is too complicated for me. I'm taking it back to the shop for a refund."
(admit saying something wrong) “I wrongly accused Jack of cheating. I’m sorry and I take it back.”

Take after (resemble, parecerse a) “Mary has a big nose, just like her mother. Mary takes after her mother.” “I take after my dad.”

Take in (comprehend, understand) “Susan was very attentive to my story. She took in every detail.” "I listened to his presentation, but I couldn't take anything in."
(make clothes smaller) "I need to take this jacket in. It's too baggy."

Take up (make shorter) "If your trousers are too long, you take them up."

 


GET

get up (levantarse) "What time did you get up this morning?"

get over (recover from) “It takes time to get over a serious illness/divorce.” "It can take time to get over a relationship."

get by (arreglarse) "Do you think you'll be able to get by on a Spanish pension?"

get away (go on holiday, escapar, fugarse) “She likes to get away at Easter, if she can.” "We're hoping to get away for a few days to visit Mamen in Huesca."

Get away with (escape unpunished) “The robber tried to get away with the crime, but the police caught her.” “I wonder if I can get away with not paying my taxes this year.”

Get on (subir) “We got on the bus/bikes and departed/left.”

Get on with (continue without delay) “Stop telling silly jokes and get on with the podcast, Reza!”

Get on/along with sb (llevarse bien con) "I get along very well with my sister." "Angeles doesn't get on very well with my mum." “Craig and Reza get along/on like a house on fire.”

Get out (salir, escapar) "Get out!" - ¡Fuera de aquí! "Get out of the way!" - ¡apártate!, "Have you ever thought of getting out of teaching?"

Get out of (avoid doing something) “Tom always gets out of paying for anything. He’s very stingy.”

Get into (meterse en) "I got into a taxi and came straight home."
(engancharse con) "I've recently got into making videos for Facebook."

Get around (moverse, desplazarse) "It's quite easy to get around the center of Valencia."

Get down (desanimar, depress) "Is anything getting you down?" “Rainy days and Mondays always get me down,” said Karen Carpinter.

The Carpenters – Rainy Days and Mondays
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HopFNfdoRSE

Get down to (to begin something seriously) “Shall we get down to business, ladies and gentlemen?” “Let’s get down to it.”

Get across (communicate something) “We try hard to get our points across to you, dear listeners!”


...and now it's your turn to practise your English. Do you have a question for us or an idea for a future episode?
Send us a voice message and tell us what you think. https://www.speakpipe.com/inglespodcast 

Send us an email with a comment or question to craig@inglespodcast.com or belfastreza@gmail.com.

If you would like more detailed shownotes, go to https://www.patreon.com/inglespodcast 

We need $100
Our lovely sponsors are:

Lara Arlem
Carlos Garrido
Zara Heath Picazo
Mamen
Juan Leyva Galera
Sara Jarabo
Corey Fineran from Ivy Envy Podcast
Manuel García Betegón
Jorge Jiménez
Raul Lopez
Rafael
Daniel Contreras Aladro
Manuel Tarazona

On next week's episode: We don't know yet!

Más podcasts para mejorar tu ingles en: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

More podcasts to improve your English at: http://www.inglespodcast.com/ 

The music in this podcast is by Pitx. The track is called 'See You Later'

 

Direct download: AIRC125_FinalCut.mp3
Category:podcasts -- posted at: 8:00pm CET